0 The first American astronauts

Fifty years ago, America's astronauts John Glenn, Gus Grissom and Alan Shepard became celebrities. Even Life magazine has posted their pictures on the cover of March 3, 1961
(16 photos)

1. The guys on the cover. Fifty years ago, America's astronauts were celebrities. Cover of Life magazine on March 3, 1961, posted photos of astronauts John Glenn, Gus Grissom and Alan Shepard.

2. Snack before the flight. Astronauts Alan Shepard and John Glenn have breakfast in dressing gowns May 5, 1961, before the space flight will ship «Freedom 7". Glenn, the first backup pilot in suborbital flight, Shepard, later became the first American who went into orbit.

3. Medical examination. Alan Shepard checked his blood pressure and temperature before it will ship spaceflight «Freedom 7". The attending physician Dr. William K. Douglas.

4. Fit. Inside the trailer, astronaut Alan Shepard, dressed in a suit, sits in a reclining chair, while the technician checks the communication device in his helmet.

5. And what's inside? Alan Shepard looks at the capsule «Freedom 7" before starting May 5, 1961. Shepard remained in the sealed capsule within four hours, while in the Mission Control Center eliminated the technical failures and deal with the delays associated with weather conditions. In the end, weary Shepard asked mission control center "to eliminate the problem, and to light, finally, this candle."

6. Silver astronaut. The Diving Bell Alan Shepard was originally developed by BF Goodrich Co, and the U.S. Navy for fighter pilots. The outer shell of the suit's aluminized nylon seems to silver.

7. "You are on the way!" Redstone rocket takes off from Baikonur in Florida May 5, 1961, with the first cosmonaut of America, Alan Shepard inside the capsule «Mercury». "Are you in a way, Jose," said astronaut Dick Slayton from Mission Control. Jose Jimenez - an astronaut, a character comedian Bill Dana.

8. "Hours have gone!" A few minutes after launch «Freedom 7, astronaut Alan Shepard said:" Roger, we start, the clock went! ". During takeoff, Shepard experienced a significant acceleration, twice exceeding that which is usually experienced astronauts shuttle.

9. Beautiful view. Astronaut Alan Shepard became the first American to see the Earth from a height in excess of 116 miles. "Absolutely beautiful view!" He said on the radio. "Cloud cover over Florida, somewhere to Cape Hatteras."

10. The fall in the water. After fifteen minutes of the flight capsule Alan Shepard fell into the Atlantic, 300 miles east of Cape Canaveral. Navy helicopter arrived to rescue Shepard.

11. Shepard helps to get into the helicopter rescuers May 5, 1961.

12. Shepard on board the U.S. Navy «Lake Champlain».

13. Alan Shepard comes to the Bahamas, where he greeted the astronauts Deck Slayton (left) and Gus Grissom (right). Air Force Colonel Keith Lindell is between Shepard and Grissom.

14. President John F. Kennedy welcomes astronaut Alan Shepard's May 8, 1961 at the White House. Vice President Lyndon Johnson, director of NASA's James Webb and several NASA astronauts are in the background. Less than a month later, Kennedy asked the Congress to plan the landing Americans on the moon by decade's end.

15. After the flight, astronaut Alan Shepard and his wife Louise are going in a celebratory motorcade with Vice President Lyndon Johnson, who sits between them in the back seat.

16. Alan Shepard visited the Moon as commander of the mission "Apollo 14" in 1971 and died in 1998 at age 74. May 4, 2011 left mark in the memory of the fiftieth anniversary of Shepard flight, and held a solemn meeting at the Kennedy Space Center in Florida, where the guest of honor was the daughter of Alan Shepard Julie Shepard Jenkins.

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