0 February15,1989 - from Afghanistan completely removed by Soviet tr


1.Pervye days of the troop: Reconn 5 th mas is on track to pass through Kushka Mir Ali in the south. The first time was represented by Tank razvedpodrazdeleny BOPB BTR, BRDM-2 and BMP-1. The Afghan campaign is just beginning, but roadside pointer already riddled with bullets.

2.Dvorets Taj Beck served as a residence in Kabul, the Afghan government (a view from the back side). After the Soviet invasion of it housed the headquarters 40A, here is the management of intelligence.

3.Na entrance to Herat. Excellence Betonka packed more Americans horseshoe encircled the country, linking major cities. Track facilitate the promotion of Army columns and allows you to quickly take control of the administrative centers, bridges, mountain passes and other key facilities

4.Razvedrota 177 th Motorized Rifle Regiment on the road in Baglanskom gorge. In the first year of the war to supply the troops had routed the pipeline, two desyatisantimetrovyh "thread" which stretched along the Kabul to Bagram road. According to him siphoned diesel fuel and jet fuel.

5.Razvedchiki 345-ro opdp move the operation to "Zielonka" Bagram. A distinctive feature of their machines was chetyrehluchevaya star in a white circle. The armor in the campaign laden everything you need - spare parts, extra ammunition, sleeping bags, blankets, tools and jerry cans with water.

6.Marsh reconnaissance of the 177 SMEs in the road in Tashkurgan in Samangan province. Movable bronegruppy that under the unified command were collected soldiers and armored vehicles and, if necessary, and artillery, were not included field manuals, but they were in combat effective, reconciled ognevuyu strength, mobility and protection.

7.Kochevniki-Baluchi, who inhabited the southern provinces, most are are friendly, but still had a warlike reputation and has never parted with their weapons. Residents agreed to act as conductors of the desert and assistants, and better pay for the service was the same weapon, to which the Baloch were treated with respect and love.

8.Neobhodimoe in razvedpodrazdeleniyah special weapons include knives, scout HP-2 and "shoot" the LDCs with a couple of rounds in the arm, night and optical sights for AK-74N, had burst to the receiver for attaching them, the nozzle-silencers on rifles and attack helicopters nuc . Used PB silenced pistol and automatic 20-AMP charger (pictured), with a rate of up to 700 rounds per minute Effective range of 2000 m. The barrel was attached device AKM silencers PBS.

9.Podstvolnye GP-25 grenade launchers, "Fire" appeared in the 40 th Army in 1985. Antipersonnel grenades were always available at hand guns. " Number of GP-25 remained ogranichennym and razvedpodrazdeleniyah they getting any of the most trained and experienced soldiers, usually two per platoon.

10.Dlya carrying grenade launcher VOG-25 served as a special belt and pouches and pockets, but they do not fit with the VOG-25P grenades, "frog", bouncing on the ground and showered shrapnel goal from the top, and had to shove about the pockets and a bra .

11.Samozaryadnaya Dragunov SVD sniper rifle with the sight PSO-1. Thanks to the good ballistics and powerful patron, differs from the usual higher-quality "pieces" dressing, the rifle had a large impact distance, which was useful in the mountain desert terrain. At a distance of a kilometer gunslinger was putting bullets in the 30-inch circle.

12.Naryadu with Kalashnikovs, PCs were the most common weapon. In fighting the outputs of the proportion of machine guns in razvedpodrazdeleniyah increases - the need to increase firing capabilities forced to take on 2-3 PCs per platoon or have a machine gunner in each "triple" and "Quartet."

13.Pulemety PC and PTP differed muzzle adapters lodge made of wood or plastic and can be fixed night sight NSPU. In the tapes are usually alternated rounds with armor-piercing incendiary bullets and bullets with a steel core, which allowed affect different targets without changing the tape. Machines to a PC is almost never used because of their weight and inconvenience in transportation.

14.Strelba of the "cliff" was carried out using a machine-tripod. On the machine gun could be installed optical sniper scope CSE backlit bar, ensures a range of fire up to 2000 m or night sight PAR-4. Fire is usually conducted short sights bursts of 4-6 shots or defensive fire of 10-15 rounds.

15.NSVS-12, 7 "cliff" with machine gun sniper gun CSE. The mainstay of the machine are the boxes out of ammunition, loaded with stones.

16.V tapes for 50 rounds were used armor-piercing incendiary bullets of the type B-32 and armor-piercing incendiary tracer BZT-44, recruited in relation Zh1.

17.Massivnye 50-gram bullet hit the car safely in caravans were able to suppress the firing points and kept stopping power in the bush "green fodder."

18.V mountains mortars were the only kind of artillery. The most widespread since the winter of 1981 received a 82-mm mortar 2B14 "Tray", in no small measure due to their moderate weight.

19.Nepremennym attribute military fashion began unloading vests - "bras" with lots of pockets. Supply of domestic jackets began only towards the end of the war, because of what needed jackets, bags and pouches had to cut the men themselves, or get among the trophies. The most widespread were "bras" in Chinese, Pakistani and Arab production, usually with pockets for three automatic store, several grenades and a dressing packet.

20.Vertoletchiki Ghazni with the commander of reconnaissance (with trophy rifle), the thigh is visible from bulky plastic holster AKS-74U. Designed for pilots jacket worn emergency reserve HAZ-I, cut from a dense synthetic fabric olive, served to place the radio station "Mosquito", PM pistol, cartridge clips to it, a pair of automatic shops, signal cartridges and a dressing packet. Vest earned recognition not only in aviation, but the requirements for "fighting" it is still not satisfactory, primarily due to a small wearable ammunition, being oriented to the needs of the pilot, based on emergency evacuation.

21.Vynosnoy post number 9 on the rock - one of 102 in the defensive zone of Kabul. With them was carried out continuous monitoring of the situation in the metropolitan area of the regime. Positions were chosen for the dominant height above the ground, where you can enjoy a good review, but the garrison had weeks to serve in complete isolation from their impregnable on the rocks.

22.Na outpost and bridges by the end of the first year of the war served 20,200 soldiers and officers. Their task was to monitor and control the terrain, the defense and protection of secure areas around cities, garrisons and highways. On photo - an outpost at the entrance to the Panjsher Valley.
At the top of the rock passed a lookout at the foot equipped with a shelter for equipment, barracks and supply depot nearby stations.

23.V zone escort each outpost and fasting consisted of kilometers to the 15-20 km of the road. Curb on other sites were completely overwhelmed by burning scrap metal - skeletons of trucks, crumpled holes "nalivnikov and razvorochennymi armored corps. Difficult thing was to protect the pipeline, "thread" which now and then undermined, shot and simply unscrewed to hunt gratis fuel the local population. Advantageous turned out to pay for its preservation and local residents from time to time to arrange distribution of fuel.

24.Smeny on the outposts continued for 6 months. Monotonous life difficult, exhausting harsh conditions, life and power, often disease and continuing shortage of water, brightened up the "comrades in arms, the neighborhood that has improved the psychological climate in the garrison. Most often, "the service" took the dogs, monkeys and even met tamed eagles, is the subject of legitimate pride to the neighbors.

25.Edinstvennym means of supply and communication with the remote highland posts and forced to serve choppers shift, food, ammunition and all that is necessary, taking out the sick, wounded and injured from the heat, "sunfish." Relating to "turntables" was special - the pilots brought mail, picked up vacationers and were always willing to share and tobacco, and ammunition.
26.Pulemetchik from the PC to the outpost. Scattered around the satchels paratroopers RD-54 arrived shifts, blankets and sleeping bags are prepared for the next firing projectiles to the howitzer D-AOR.

27.Krupnokaliberny gun NOVO-12 and 7 allows to significantly expand the control zone around the post and keep an eye neighborhood vokruzhnosti up to 1500 m.

28.14,5-mm heavy machine gun on the panel housings shipping mast. Fire from the powerful panel led by short bursts of a few rounds. They are getting enough to hit a target, and a long line of "Gone" weapons and led to a rapid deterioration of the barrel, which is completely "shot" hundreds of rounds without a break.

29.ZU-23 was well timed sight ZAP 23 and collimator KV-A, a rotating installation made it possible quickly to throw fire from Gaza into the sector. Using "zushek" limited only to a solid mass and dimensions are not always suitable for small offices. This Zu-23 was dragged to a height in the northern sector of the capital of the defensive zone, take it apart and lifted up the mountain in pieces.

30.Zampolit Asadabadskogo razvedpodrazdeleniya Constantine Oborin. At the officer - "unloading"
non-traditional cut under increased ammunition.

31.Ofitser Afghan Special Forces - a separate battalion of the MGB in the outfit, which combines the Soviet disguise GLC Pakistani warm jacket with a hood, under machine-gun ammunition cartridges to PCs and compulsory for a Muslim prayer beads.

32.Legky vest type BZ-85T (662). Protective titanium plates were fixed on a solid high-modular package of synthetic material SVM, gasivshem impact energy bullets. Vest consisted of front and rear halves of linking the ribbons on the sides. Shoulders and head restraint, constraining movements, rarely worn. The front part of the BZ-85 provides better protection for the front and was able to stop a bullet, the rear only protects against shrapnel.

33.Proverka weapons before exiting. Each had his own machine or a machine gun, sighted and self-fitted to carry and shooting. Despite the staffing, the scouts enjoyed a certain independence in the choice of weapons and the possibility to choose her favorite. Many preferred to AKM for the opportunity to replenish ammunition captured ammunition.

34.Krome own goods to the men distributed heavy weapons platoon leader, his supplies and ammunition. At the platoon took with them one-two "Cliff", the reactive flame throwers "Bumblebee" and two or three AGS-17. "The Cliffs" and "Flame" apart, so that their sites could bear, the backpacks were placed machine-gun and grenade belt and mines. By 30-40 kg of their property were added to the PC machine-gun belts and 40-50 caliber rounds, weighing about ten kilograms, pood machines, to fired RPGs and ACS.
35.Vysadka Intelligence Detachment.

36.Boevoy helicopter is shooting at ground targets.

37.Dnevka scout with BMP-2A in the valley at the foot of the mountain. Defending the afternoon in the shade, hiding from a group of solar heat, while avoiding detection by the enemy.

38.Gornaya equipment in the 40A remains in deficit, which is especially felt in regard to footwear required in multi-day hiking outputs. Among the novelties of shoes belonged to a solid polyurethane soles and shoes with high Burtz, who replaced Yuft shoes, stiff and bulky. Were very popular conventional domestic sports shoes and sneakers.

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